Aging in Japan
National Policies, Regional Issues, and Local Government Measures:
Making It Possible to Continue Living in a Familiar Environment with a Sense of Security
Japan is aging faster than any other country in the world. With limited international migration of its population, Japan's rapid aging rate is attributed to the steady prolongation of its life expectancy and the sharp drop in its birthrate. Some communities experience additional factors that affect population and demographical shift. This article discusses aging-related national policies, regional issues, and community efforts. As one such community, we will look at Myoko City, Niigata Prefecture, and its efforts aimed to help the elderly to continue living peacefully in an environment with which they are familiar.